Re-Appraisal of Ghāmidī’s Concept of Sunna and Hadith

  • Dr.Alam Khan Assistant Professor, University of Gumushane, Faculty of Theology, Department of Hadith, Gumushane -Turkey Orcid.org/0000-0003-4527-8754
Keywords: Hadith, Ghāmidī, Theory, Sunna, Terminology

Abstract

This study deals with the Ghāmidī’s concept of Suana and Hadith, a comprehensive study of the importance of hadith in Islamic Scholarship, and a chronological study of the primary source of the principles of hadith as well as a brief biography and thoughts of Jāved Ahmad Ghāmidī. It is revealed that Jāved Ahmad Ghāmidī has an unorthodox approach to the principles of hadith as he limited the Prophetic hadith into two types. However, his division of Ahādith has not any precedent in the early books of Usūl al-Hadith. Moreover, the study deals with his definition of Sunna and hadith. It concluded that Ghāmidī followed an orientalist approach in the division and defining of the mentioned terms.  None of the Muhaddithūn and authorities in the Science of hadith divided the Prophetic hadith into those types, nor they defined both terms as he did in his works. Besides, the study contained a detailed analysis of his conditions for the Sunna, which proved that Ghāmidī violated his principles in listing Ādhān to the newborn child among the twenty-seven fundamental practices of Islam

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These are: Prayer (al-Ṣalāt), al-Zakāt and Ṣadaqah al-Fiṭr, Fasting and retreat, Hajj and ‘Umrah, Sacrifice in Eid al- Aḍḥā and Takbīr al-Tashrīq.

These are: Marriage, divorce, and what it relates to them, the abstention of husband and wife from intercourse during Mensuration and puerperium.

These are Pig, Blood, Dead animals and those animals which are not slaughtered in the name of Allah, purification of Animals in the Name of Allah.

These are: eating foods with the name of Allah by the right hand, greetings (to say Assalām alikum and walikum al-salām) during the meeting, to say alhamdulillāh after sneezing and Yarhamūke Allah in response, the Adhān in the right ear of a newborn child and the Iqāmat in his left ear, the debase of mustaches. Shaving the hairs under the navel. Removing of armpit hairs. Cutting the nails. Circumcision of boys. The cleaning of the nose, mouth, and teeth. Purification after defecation (al-Istinjā). Bath after Menses and puerperium. Bath of the dead. Coffin and Burial. Eid al- Fiṭr and Eid al-Aḍḥā.

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Published
2020-12-30