سائنس، اسلام اور مسلم سماج

  • Dr. Asim Naeem University of the Punjab, Lahore
Keywords: Keywords: Science, Islam, Society, Muslim Intellectuals

Abstract

 

Religion is the basic human spiritual need whereas science is the systematic observation of natural events to discover facts and then formulate laws and principles based on these discoveries. Science is a part of religion thus must not interrupt into the religious affairs and vice versa. While analyzing the subject: clash of religion and science, discussing the attitudes of Islam and Muslim society towards science is an important academic and social issue. Beliefs and philosophy of Islam compelled Muslim scholars to undergo the experience for verification and testing the knowledge, so they never denied science or the scientific inventions.

The purpose of this study is to find out the reasons for the formation and promotion of scientific thought before and during the rise of Muslims in the world (622-1500). Moreover, it aims to investigate about the civilization which has played a leading role for the development of scientific method and scientific inventions? The study also aims to find out the driving force behind this leadership and revolutionary character? Finding answers to these questions is an important academic activity. In this article the extensive point of view about the universe, society and man in the social sciences and natural sciences has been presented in the rational way.

 

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۔ مشہور مسلمان سائنسدان

۔ Making of Humanity

. Making of Humanity

. Dr Mohammad Rafiuddin, born in Jammu in 1904, is considered to be one of the greatest muslim philosophers in the 20th century. He passed Intermediate Examination in Science ,Honours in Persian,got Masters in Arabic (1929),Ph.D in Philosophy (1949) and D.Litt in Educational Philosophy (1965).

In his early career he taught Arabic and Persian in Sri Pratap College, Srinagar (1929-32) and Prince of Wales College , Jammu (1933-46) where he wrote his widely acclaimed book " Ideology of the Future".

He was selected as Principal of Sri Karan Singh College, Mirpur in 1946 where he worked for one year.

He served as Research officer in Department of Islamic Reconstruction from 1948 to 1949 and Institute of Islamic Culture from 1950 to 1953. He remained Director of Iqbal Academy Pakistan from 1953 to 1965.

After his retirement from Iqbal Academy he founded All Pakistan Islamic Education Congress in 1966.

In Novemeber 1969 he met a fatal road accident in Karachi. His contribution to Muslim Philosophy includes : 1) Ideology of the future ;2) Manifesto of Islam ;3) First Principles of Education ;4) Fallacy of Marxism ;5) The Meaning and Purpose of Islamic Research ;6) Quran aur Ilm -e- Jadeed ;7) Hikmat-e-Iqbal

۔ رفیع الدین، ڈاکٹر محمد: قرآن اور علمِ جدید،

۔ ہندوستان کے نامور مصنف ، جنہوں نے اسلام اور سائنس کے موضوع پر متعدد کتب تصنیف کی ہیں۔

۔ Muzaffar Hussain : Islam’s Contribution to Science

۔ آل عمران3: 191

۔ البقرہ2: 164

۔ یونس : 101

۔ العنکبوت: 20

۔ ق: 6، 7

۔

۔ الزلزلۃ ۹۹: ۱،۲

۔ القیامۃ۷۵: ۶-۹

۔ المرسلات۷۷:۸-۱۰

۔ التکویر۸۱: ۲،۱

۔ الانفطار۸۲: ۲،۱

۔ نور الدین ، ڈاکٹرابو سعید : اسلامی تصوف اور اقبال ، اقبال اکیڈمی، لاہور، ص 28

۔ وحید الدین خان: پیغمبر انقلاب ، دارالتذکیر، لاہور، ص 11

۔ بحوالہ اسلام اور سائنس از ڈاکٹر رفیع الدین

۔ رابرٹ بریفالٹ، 247، 248

Published
2021-07-25